St. Stephen’s Cathedral, also called Stephansdom, or Stephanskirche, cathedral in Vienna. That was burned out in the course of the Battle of Vienna in April 1945 and was reconstructed by 1952. Saint Stephen’s was established in 1147; only the west facade remains of the late Romanesque edifice that burned in 1258.
By the middle of the 12th century, Vienna had become an important center of German civilization. And the four existing churches, including only one parish church, no longer met the town's religious needs. A distinguishing exterior feature is the tiled roof in a colored zigzag pattern.
Under the treaty, Margrave Leopold IV also received from the bishop extended stretches of land beyond the city walls, with the notable exception of the territory allocated for the new parish church, which would eventually become St. Stephen's Cathedral.
The history of St. Stephen’s Cathedral
St. Stephen’s Cathedral - Austria
Founded in 1137 during the newly signed Treaty of Mautern, the Romanesque church was built and opened to the public in 1147 for St. Stephen in the presence of Conrad III. of Germany, Bishop Otto of Freising and other German nobles were about to embark on the Second Crusade.
Although the first 1160 structures were completed, the rebuilding and expansion of the church were delayed until 1511, and repair and restoration projects continue to continue to this day.
In 1230-1245, the first Romanesque structures were projected further west, the present-day western wall and Romanesque towers date from this period.
However, later in 1258, a great fire broke out and destroyed many parts of the building and then a replacement of the same Roman structure filled in the damage and reused the two towers. , built on the ruins of the old church and consecrated on April 23, 1263.
The choir here became a very important place to hold important events when, in 1304, King Albert I ordered the construction of a three-room Gothic-style choir on the east side of the church, wide enough to accommodate the top of the old transom doors.
Under his son Duke Albert II, work continued on the Albertine choir, consecrated in 1340 on the 77th anniversary of the previous consecration. The rare three-minute evening ringing of the Pummerin bell is the symbolic sound of the celebration of the second consecration.
The nave is primarily dedicated to St. Stephen's Cathedral and the Saints, while the north and south naves are dedicated to St. Mary and the Apostles respectively.
Duke Rudolf IV, the Founder, and son of Albert II, again expanded the choir to strengthen Vienna's religious influence. On 7 April 1359, Rudolf IV laid the foundation for the western Gothic extension of the Albertine choir in the vicinity of the present south tower.
The church is topped by a 137-meter (450-foot) high minaret. The Gothic-style Steffl Tower, or Little Stephan, as it is often called, can be seen everywhere you go while traveling in Vienna. A slow walk up the tower's stairs will give you unforgettable views of the city center.
Admire the Cathedral's vivid multicolored roof, made up of 230,000 glazed tiles featuring an ornate chevron pattern and the distinctive double-headed eagle, a symbol of the historic Habsburg dynasty.
Wandering through the church, you will feel the rays of sunlight shining through the glass onto the Roman-style works of art on the ceiling.
Vienna's long and complex history, thanks to the different architectural styles that can be seen inside Stephansdom, speaks for itself: Visit the tombs of famous figures worshiped and buried in This church throughout Vienna's history was where Mozart's weddings and funerals were held.
The Stephansdom basement contains many collections of art works stored over the centuries. Some outstanding memorabilia of the church include:
Pummerin Bell ('Boomer'): is the largest bell in Austria located just north of the church.
Catacombs: excavated in the 18th century, the remains contain the remains of more than 10,000 Viennese citizens.
The image of Christ crucified, above the altar in the Chapel of the Cross, has a beard made of real human hair. According to legend, the hair continues to grow!
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