ST. Stephen's Basilica is an ancient church located in Budapest, Hungary and named after King Stephen I (975 - 1028). Let's board a coach hire Budapest to explore St. Stephen's Basilica.
St. Stephen's Basilica is an ancient church belonging to the Roman Catholic Church. The name of the basilica is named after the king who had the greatest contribution to unifying Hungary under Christianity - Stephen I. Later, he was canonized by the Roman Catholic Church.
Previously in the 18th century, it was a theater called the Hetz-Theater. Janos Zitterbarth - the name of the nobleman who sponsored the construction of the temporary church. In 1800, Lipótváros parish was established and they began to organize fundraising to have funds to build a church with stronger and larger architecture.
However, there were many delays in construction because in 1868, the dome collapsed and required some structures to be completely demolished and rebuilt from the old foundations. Construction began in 1860 and by 1905, St. Stephen's Basilica was completed.
And since then, this place has played a very important role in Budapest's music scene. The main church organists are always highly qualified musicians. In the last century, St. Stephen's Basilica has hosted choral concerts, classical music and contemporary music performances.
This basilica was designed in neoclassical style by architect József Hild. After his death in 1867, the project passed to architect Miklós Ybl, who revised the original plans into a more Neo-Renaissance style. And construction work continued until 1905 when it was inaugurated. The keystone was placed on the dome in the presence of Emperor Franz Joseph I.
St. Stephen's Basilica is one of the two tallest buildings in Budapest, with a height of up to 96 meters, a width of 55 meters, and a length of about 85 meters.
The tympanum above the main entrance is a mosaic dated 1893 and designed by Mór Than. "Our Lord on the Throne with Angels" by Salviatia of Venice. Entering the main facade, below the tympanum is the inscription of Christ: "Ego Sum Via, Veritas et Vita" (which means "I am the path of truth and life)".
The exterior of the facade of this place has two large bell towers. The bell tower in the south has Hungary's largest bell with a weight of up to 9 tons. The previous bell weighed nearly 8 tons, although it was used for military purposes during World War II. Visitors can reach the dome by stairs or by climbing about 350 steps to enjoy panoramic views of Budapest.
In the lobby of the main entrance, striking us are the bas-relief of Saint Stephen by Károly Senyei and other large mosaics by Bertalan Székely. Dome of St. Stephen's Basilica represents the representation of God. The crypt has allegories of the Mass on mosaics by Gyula Benczúr. Ede Mayer's bronze reliefs in this vault were designed to highlight important stages in the life of St. Stephen.
The canopy altarpiece designed by József Kauser is decorated with the statue of St. Stephen by Alajos Strobl. The pipe organ placed in the church is a product of the factory of Pécs and József Angster. In addition, inside the basilica, there are other works of art such as: Ladislaus I of Hungary (János Fadrusz), St Elizabeth of Hungary (Károly Seneye), St Elizabeth of Hungary (Károly Seneye),...
Activities at St. Stephen's Basilica
Currently, it is a very important church in Hungary in general and Budapest in particular, and is a place that attracts pilgrims. In winter, there is often a Christmas fair right in front of St. Stephen's Basilica. And in the evening, the front facade of the basilica is decorated with special light paintings in the evenings.
St. Stephen's Basilica next door is an important church but also a very artistic place. In 2016, the movie "Inferno" was filmed right before St. Stephen's Basilica.
How to get to St. Stephen's Basilica?
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